Abstraction and performance, together at last; Auto-tuning message-passing concurrency on the Java Virtual Machine

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Performance tuning is the leading justification for breaking abstraction boundaries. We target this problem for message passing concurrency (MPC) abstractions on the Java Virtual Machine (JVM). Efficient mapping of MPC abstractions to threads is critical for performance, scalability, and CPU uti- lization; but tedious and time consuming to perform manually. We solve this problem by putting forth a technique for automatically mapping MPC abstractions to JVM threads. In general, this mapping cannot be found in polynomial time. Our surprising observation is that characteristics of MPC abstrac- tions and their communication patterns can be very revealing, and can help determine the mapping. Our technique addresses a number of challenges that leads to improved performance: i) balancing the com- putations across JVM threads, ii) reducing the communication overheads, iii) utilizing the information about cache locality, and iv) mapping MPC abstractions to threads in a way that reduces the contention between JVM threads. We have realized our technique in the Panini language that has capsules as an MPC abstraction. We also compare our mapping technique against four default mapping techniques: thread-all, round-robin-task-all, random-task-all and work-stealing. Our evaluation on wide range of benchmark programs shows that our mapping technique can improve the performance by 30%-60% over default mapping techniques.

Bib Info

  title={Abstraction and performance, together at last; Auto-tuning message-passing concurrency on the java virtual machine},
  author={Upadhyaya, Ganesha},
  school={Iowa State University}